(The book on Ayodhya)
(This is the second book of Ramayana. It starts with Dasaratha wanting to make Rama the king of Ayodhya and ends with the sandals of Rama ruling Ayodhya from a village called Nandigrama. Characters like Mandhara the hunchback, Guha the hunter , Bhardwaja the saint are introduced in this book. The other main characters are Dasaratha himself, Vasishta, Sumantra the charioteer, Kaualya, Sumithra and Kaikeyi the three queens of Ayodhya, the other sixty thousand wives of Dasaratha , Rama, Sita, Lakshmana , Bharata and Shatrugna. The wives of Bharata, Lakshmana and Shatrugna do not make their appearance in this or in other books that are to follow.)
(Praising to God.)
(Like all other books of Ramayana written by the emperor of poets Kamban, this book also starts with a prayer to God.. A brief summary of the book is given in this verse.)
Oh Rama who wears the heroic anklets, due to the cruel deeds,
Of the hunchback and the younger queen mother ,
You left the kingship , crossed the forest as well as sea,
And by killing Ravana,, solved the problems of Devas ,
And the wise men say that you are spread ,
Like soul in the body and sensations in bodies,
In all the beings made of five elements without any limits.
(Chapter on Royal council)
(In this chapter Dasaratha called for a meeting of the royal council and tells them that he wants to crown Rama as the king and go to the forest to do penance . The royal council approves the proposal . Rama is summoned and told about this proposal . After his acceptance Dasaratha fixes the next day as the auspicious day for the coronation. The city starts celebrating the upcoming event in a grand manner.
Ayodhya Kanda of Valmiki Ramayana starts with the departure of Bharata and Shatrugna to their uncle’s place , The meeting of all citizens, kings and sages is called. Dasaratha proposes that Rama be made as the hunior king(yuva Raja). He sends for Rama and makes arrangements for the coronation. Valmiki Ramayana drops hints that Dasaratha wanted to avoid Bharata and Shatrugna ‘s and their uncle’s presence during the coronation.)
1314.Dasaratha who owned the angry royal elephant which has been beautified,
With the series of big drums blaring forth like the clouds,
With cowries made of the hair of the musk dear being rotated,
Reached the hall of the royal council , where aspects are thought about.
1315.After Dasaratha reached the council hall ,as per his humble request,
His relations and friends left that hall , and
Protecting the world with people who are equal to him there,
Like Lord Vishnu who holds the wheel of Yoga becomes alone.
1316.That Dasaratha who ruled the earth and whose white ,
Gem studded Royal umbrella touching the clouds ,
Summoned the elders of the royal council,
Who were like the Guru of Indra , the king of devas.
1317,In the rule of that matchless king who wore ,
Pretty heroic anklets , The sage Vasishta who is considered ,
As the fourth after the holy trinity ,
Who is searched by devas and sages and
Who like the god can order the king came.
1318. Many with greatness due to high birth ,who were trained in all arts,
And who had great knowledge due to experience and its implications came,
They were people who spoke without bias in spite of problems caused to them,
And they also had no pride which is the root of anger and supported Dharma.
1319.They were people who could guess the future by knowledge of past,
And were having the ability to change it if bad results come due to fate ,
They were elders who belonged to great families and had the knowledge from rare great books,
And when we consider respectability , they were like musk deer.
1320.They were the great people who increase the political dharma ,
Who could take decisions after understanding proper place and time,
After gathering methods for implementing them,
And after Comparing it with knowledge in great books of justice ,
And after praying God and they were those who gave
All good results to their king after scientific understanding .
1321.They were prepared to accept the harsh results of the anger of the king,
And advice him properly when he is angry , even not bothering for their life ,
They would never deviate from proper dharma and were capable ,
Of understanding past , present and future and tell truth and nothing else.
1322.They like doctors who were only bothered about good of their patient,
And who were not bothered about the likes and dislikes , were capable of advising the king
Were only bothered for his good and not bothered for his preferences,
And they were those who help the king when unexpected evil effects befall him.
1323. They were all wealthy and though they were sixty thousand in number,
They were one, when the good of their very masculine king , and those ministers ,
Who were difficult to obtain like the waves of ocean that folds filled the council hall.
1324. They came according to their rank and after saluting the sage,
Who knew everything from beginning to end and after saluting their king,
Got up in to their seats as per their rank and also received the grace ,
Of their king who knew the way to speak as per the situation.
1325.When those ministers were sitting there,
Receiving the grace of their king , Dasaratha also,
Saw their faces as per their importance and told them,
“ I have seriously thought about an important decision,
And you know my feelings and you may listen to it carefully.”
1326. Without altering in any way the rule of ,
All the great kings of the dynasty of the king ,
Due to your good cooperation , I have been,
Carrying this earth for past sixty thousand years on my shoulders,
1327.Like the maids protecting their virtue which is proper for them,
I have been ruling the earth due to the God of Dharma ,
And have been doing all possible good to all beings,
And I have now decided to the good suitable to my soul.
1328.I who have reached the desired stage of kingship since a long time,
And like the Adhi Sesha with great head , the elephants in different directions,
And like the eight heritage mountains who are lifting the earth,
I am not able to lift even a little the burden which I have been lifting till now.
1329.The great ones who were born in our clan who were far away from offenses,
After entrusting the job of ruling the country to their sons , used to go to the forest,
And destroyed the attractions due to their five senses and attained salvation.
I am trying to count the number of such greats and see no end to it.
1330.I who have won over all my great enemies in this earth surrounded by water ,
In the worlds in heaven and the worlds below occupied by serpents,
Do not want to live with fear to the enemies within me, like passion and others.
1331. When Kaikeyi who has soft new leaf like feet painted by juice of red cotton,
Was driving the chariot , I had won over ten chariots driven by very angry asuras,
Would I, who has a contended mind , not be able to easily defeat,
These five chariots of the mind being driven by devils?
1332.Those who have opposed enemies who threaten in the battle field and kill them,
And those who have attained great wisdom and have understood life,
Realize that “Wealth is useful only in this world” and forsake it ,
And attain salvation and except these who are all capable of attaining salvation?
1333.Is there a greater evil then repudiating the fact that,
All those born in the world have to die , and except for ,
Giving up attachments there is no other help,
To cross this very huge ocean of birth and death.
1334.The very great action of giving up the world and ,
Getting the knowledge of truth that would lead to it ,
Are the two great wings that would help us,
To cross this big prison of birth,
Is there anything sweeter than crossing that prison?
1335.By catching hold of the soul called five senses which bring sorrow,
Moving away from those crimes which come due to great undefeatable enmity,
If the mind is engaged in ruling over the world of salvation,
Then it would be considered as sweet and will it think about the rule of this world?
1336, Due to my getting you all as senior advisors , I was,
Able to rule over this world by giving it proper care,
And do several acts of Dharma and you all thus helped me,
In spreading my fame in the entire world,
And you should now help me to a comfortable other world.
1337,One who wants to cross all those old karmic deeds,
Can possibly get it only through very great penance ,
And is it proper not to touch a vessel of nectar like food,
And instead of that drink very strong poison?
1338. The life under the sweet shadow of the white umbrella,
And the peacock feathers tied on a pretty elephant in rut is not stable.
And will keeping on eating that already tasted food, give more pleasure?
1339.I was sorrowing for a long time because of absence of sons,
And Rama was born to me to relieve of this long standing pain,
And I just thought of making that Rama suffer this kingship,
So that I can escape from it and get salvation.
1340.Instead of being told by others that , this father of Rama ,
Did not sacrifice his life in the battle field and even after ,
Becoming very old , he did not adopt the life of salvation,
It is better that I hear that I was never born in this world.
1341.After seeing that the gem of males Rama was born to me as my son,
And that the great one got married to Sita who is like Goddess Lakshmi,
I want now to see that rare son marries the Goddess earth,
Of very great qualities and greatly enjoy that experience.
1342. I want that the honourable lady called earth ,
Who is fully lady like and the lady who sits on the red lotus,
Should marry and live happily with the husband that they love,
And I do not want to postpone this result of my penance.
1343.” So I want to give this kingship to Rama and start,
The great penance to remove this sickness called birth,
And for this I have decided to reach the forest.
What is your opinion,” said he to them.
1344.When the king who had huge shoulders told like this ,
Those advisers with joy greatly ebbing out of their mind,
And at the same time thinking of the pitiable state of parting with the king,
Were like the cow which was not able to leave both its calves.
1345, Then in spite of that thinking that the king does not,
Have any other option other than doing like that and also,
Considering that there is no better king to all the beings that live,
Due to the force of fate agreed to the decision of the king.
1346.Vasista the son of Lord Brahma with four heads , after analyzing,
The opinions of the ministers who have assembled there and
The thoughts of the king and the good that is likely,
To happen to all beings of the world told like this.
1347.”Oh king , Oh suitable person , several kings in your clan,
Have rolled this wheel of kingship and had attained great fame.
Who can be there who do not appreciate Rama?
To you who have learned all great books and have understood them,
This is the only action that you can take and this is the Dharma,
That remains to be done. You have thought properly.
1348. Oh great one , who has done fire sacrifices for the good of all,
You can now do great penance and the earth who wears pretty waist belt,
After parting from you , would be not made feel bad for loosing contact with you,
As the son Rama born to you , who wears the heroic anklet would not allow her do it.
1349. Except telling that Rama is the personification of Dharma ,
And is the incarnation of Lord Vishnu in this world ,
What other thing can be told by us at this time?
That very strong one would even correct the trinity ,
Who look after creation, upkeep and destruction of the world.
1350. Oh strong one , Goddess Lakshmi who creates beauty and the lady earth,
Consider that Rama is their sweet help for life , and if they say ,
“That he is their help who is like their soul “, it would not be wrong,
He who is good to you , who have given birth to him,
Would also be good to all the beings that live on earth.
1351.”Oh Valorous one , due to the fact that if someone,
Chants the name of Rama daily all his problems would go away,
All the Brahmins who recite Vedas and others are considering him,
As the result of all the good deeds done by all of them.
When this is so, what can we tell about their love towards him?”
1352.”As for the very famous Janaki , she is better than earth,
In her patience and in beauty she resembles Goddess Lakshmi,
In wisdom she resembles Goddess Saraswathi and in efficiency ,
She resemble the Goddess who rides on the deer,
And her husband Rama is better than even our eye.
People who have learned and not those not learned consider him,
Better that the water we take to live and the soul of the body.”
1353.”Oh king , among those who protect humans, devas and all others,
Sweet souls of this world , no one is better than Rama in protecting them.
When the greatness of Rama is like that , when we see the great deed,
That you propose to do , there is nothing other than godly penance .” said Vasishta.
1354. When Dasaratha heard the words of sage Vasishta , he became more happier ,
Than the day that he had his son , the day when Rama broke the bow of Lord Shiva,
And the day when the sage with an axe was defeated by Rama.
1355,After becoming greatly happy like that , with tears of joy in his eyes,
He saluted the lotus like feet of that sage Vasishta as per ritual and told him,
“Great sir, you told me words which are sweet to my ears and my mind,
Was I not able to rule this earth alone , because of grace on me,
Would not Rama also be able to rule it like that with your aid?”
1356. “Oh sage who is like my father, because of your advice to them,
The kings of my clan established endless fame that can never be destroyed
In this world , completed several yagas and won over their good and bad fate
And I also got that great luck,” said he to that great sage
1357.That faultless sage of penance did not reply anything to this,
And due to the sign made by face of the great council members ,
Who were capable of great thought and deep thinking,
To suit the great Dasaratha , Sumantra stood before , saluted and told.
1358. The words that you told that “Kingship to Rama is suitable”,
Makes us happy but your intention to go away makes us very sad,
It is not proper for you to leave out that Dharma which was done .
Without forgetting by the leaders of your clan and what can be the thing,
That can be more harsher than Dharma. What is it?”
1359.With the minds playing due to joy like drum, for the kings who had ,
Huge army of elephants, for the people of the city , for the old
Members of the council and to the great sages like Vasishta ,
He told, “Perform as per ritual the coronation of your gem like son Rama,
And then you take action to get detached with this world as per you wish.”
1360,When these words were softly told by Sumantra , the king told,
“You told properly. After celebrating the crowning of Rama,
We will do necessary things later. So you , yourself go with great speed,
And bring that husband of Goddess Lakshmi here.”
1361,That Sumantra who knew the mind of the king then saluted him,
Travelled fast in the king’s avenue where mountain like buildings were there,
With as much joy , as if he has himself got the world,
And with a golden chariot entered the home of Rama.
1362.Lord Rama was sitting there along with young Lakshmana who was holding ,
The cruel bow which is always with him and along with Sita,
Who was like sweet nectar among ladies , was sweetly sitting near him .
Sumantra with his eyes and mind which were like bees saw ,
That very sweet combination with great joy.
1363,He saw them , saluted them and said to Rama,
“Oh Lord , The king who owns this earth which is surrounded by ocean,
Told me, “There is a matter to tell and so bring Rama quickly.”
Then the lotus eyed Rama suddenly got up and like a black cloud,
Got in to the huge chariot of Sumantra , on which a flag was flying..
1364. With drums in a row raising huge sound like a unified cloud,
With the conch bangles from ladies falling down with sound,
With devas shouting, “ all our problems have been solved”,
And with surrounding the flowers on his head , He got in to the chariot.
1365.When Rama entered the road lot of musical instruments were played,
The flower arrows of God of love increased , the strings of bow made sound,
And the great waters of the thought of Rama, broke the dam called,
Control of mind of the ladies and they left off shyness and ,
Filled up the entire street like female deer.
1366. In the gates of big buildings with long pillars , its moon lit courtyards,
Several lotuses flowered with ear globes and untied hair ,
They flowered in the windows of those buildings and appeared as if,
Swords getting mixed with blood stained spears and bees and fishes.
1367. On the flower garland lying on the mountain like chest of Rama,
Who had round moon like face and black cloud like colour and,
Who was the lord of Devas , the fish like eyes of ladies who had red lips ,
Followed their characters like shyness and settled along with bees there.
1368.With their dresses going down along with their cloud like hair,
The flowers fell down, With their cool eyes making groups of pearls,
There were flowers which they threw and also there were dried flowers,
As they had to come through the ornaments worn over their youthful breasts,
And besides from the star filled sky the devas also threw well opened flowers.
1369.As soon as they saw Rama, they removed the lustrous sword like eyes,
From the eyelid like scabbards , came carrying their moon like faces with great effort,
And they who were looking like golden horns had sweat on their tender coconut,
Like breasts and on that they had brown golden patches with gingelly like spots ,
Which were both indicating their love sickness towards Rama.
1370.When such things were happening there, all males who saw Rama,
Became happy like the cows seeing their calves , and he along with,
His pure brother rode on the chariot of Sumantra and .
Reached the council hall with the happy Dasaratha and entered there.
1371.As per the traditions that were followed, after Rama saluted the sage,
He saluted the lotus like feet of Dasaratha who was an expert in sword fight.
When he saluted like that, Dasaratha with ebbing love towards him.
With eyes shedding tears of joy hugged tightly to his chest,
That Rama who was consort of Sita who had fruit like cheeks.
1372.Dasaratha hugged his son who is personification of all good,
So that he wanted to measure his ability to rule the earth surrounded by water,
By measuring the mountain like shoulders of Rama and his garlanded chest ,
Where Goddess Lakshmi lives with his own shoulders as well as chest.
1373.After making Rama sit near him with great joy and after seeing him with joy he told,
“Oh master with long shoulders who destroyed the fame of he , who has an axe to fight,
There is something that I need from you as one who has given birth to you and brought you up.”
1374.”Oh Master , I have become greatly tired, the old age which is difficult to bear ,
Has crept in to my body and so I need your help to get out of the great prison,
Of the heavy responsibility of ruling this very wide country , which is sorrowful,
And allow me to lead a life leading to salvation by travelling in the matchless path.”
1375.”The great ones give birth to a son who has all responsibilities ,
Get away from sorrow and enjoy life in this world and the other,
And it is not proper for me who have begot a son who is
Dharma personified to get tired and so if you wish ,
To obey my useful words and help me do what I should.”
1376.”Oh son , the great crowned pretty kings of our clan ,
For the sake of their sons to become kings and protect this broad land,
Destroyed the three enemies(anger , passion and confusion) which were made by five senses,
Completely and attained salvation and their number cannot be estimated.
1377.”Due to the good that we do in previous births and by the,
Yagnas(fire sacrifices) that I did in this life , I begot you as my great son,
And suppose I continue in this sorrow of kingly life ,
When would I able to get fulfillment got by begetting you.”
1378”.I who am suffering due to the burden of the kingdom , like,
A bull drawing a cart with heavy burden on one side and being lame on the other side,
Want to get rid of that sorrow and attain the limitless joy of wealth of salvation,
And oh master , you have to help me in fulfilling my desire.”
1379. “Once upon a time the matchless Bhagiratha , due to his ancestors ,
Not having the character of travelling in the right path , for the sake of their salvation,
Brought the river Ganges from the feet of Lord Vishnu , who is the deity of our clan,
In to this world and made his fathers climb in to the world , where there is no return.”
1380”.In this world those who have come out of great sorrow are not
Those who live as kings or those who are like Indra living in heaven ,
And wearing golden heroic anklets or those who have done great penances
But those who beget children who follow what they order.”
1381.”Because of that do not think that the king gave me the heavy burden,
Of kingship which causes lot of sorrow in a deceitful manner but,
Wear the crown which this king wears and make grow the dharma of just rule ,
And I only request you to agree to my humble demand.”
1382.When his father told him like that , the lotus eyed Rama ,
Did not think that he had got the kingship nor did he berate ,
It , saying it is sorrowful but he thought that being a king is his duty,
And he would have to obey whatever has been ordered by the king to him ,
And that accepting kingship by him is the only just action ,
And decided to accept the kingship that was offered to him.
1383.Dasaratha with white royal umbrella understanding mind of Rama,
After telling him, “give me this boon” hugged him as if he merges with his soul,
And surrounded by his council members who were like veda ,
Reached his palace which did not have anything comparable to it.
1384.Rama with high and pretty shoulders along with great Brahmins,
Many kings of great character , the lads of Ayodhya who were happy to see him,
And ladies surrounding him on all his sides reached his great palace.
1385-1386,Dasaratha in his letter head with the seal of Garuda , which ,
Brought him greatness sent gold letters to all victorious kings and ,
Said to great Vasishta , “oh great one , please arrange all that is needed,
To Crown Rama with the great crown which is made artistically ,
As per need and as per tradition.” And then that sage of great penance ,
Said , “great” and with joy got in to a great chariot and,
Went along with crore of Brahmins and told the kings there,
“Oh kings , as per royal tradition , the wealth and country ,
That is being given to Rama are as great as his consort Sita.”
1387.Those kings who had drunk the sweet words told by Dasaratha ,
Did not stand normally but got drowned in that water of joy,
And since the joy in their mind had crossed its limits,
And appeared at the bottom oh hairs all over their body .
Became like souls which leaves the body and reaches heaven ,
And felt as if they have all reached this heaven along with body.
1388.Those kings having same thought and being happy ,
Each thinking that the other became king like him and becoming happy ,
Came row by row and saluted Dasaratha who had white Royal umbrella,
And softly told their opinion “your thought is really great.”
1389.They told “Let the world belong to Rama , who destroyed the pride,
Of Parasurama who destroyed our families for the past twenty one generations,
Using his very sharp axe,” and “This decision is according to Dharma.
1390. All kings who did not have any difference of opinion told like this,
And Dasaratha keeping these deep in his mind and not showing out ,
His inward joy , told this to know about the measure of their opinion.
1391.”Did you tell this after being confused by the love towards my son,
Or the words told by you was done after hearing my thoughts ,
And has been done because of real joy of your mind,
I would like to know from you , which of them?”
1392.When Dasaratha told like this to them , those kings told ,
“oh great one , please hear with joy the love ,
That people of different parts of this country,
And other countries , have on your son.”
1393.”Oh king born in dynasty of Manu , like we tell that ,
The wealth of kingship without any drawback should come to Rama ,
He already has permanently charitable nature and very good behavior ,
Great understanding of truth , the nature of looking after elders.”
1394.”Who are there in this world who would like to prevent,,
The public water body to be filled up or trees to grow healthy ,
So that they can be useful to all or clouds rain in proper season ,
Or the river that irrigates the fields always has adequate water
1395. Oh king who has elephants who have trunks as big as ,
The palm tree , similar to all beings who had nature of loving you
Rama also has similar and same type of love to all of them,
And they also are having love towards him.
1396. When Dasaratha heard the council members tell like that ,
The entire mind of that king was completely filled with joy,
And all his sorrows vanished from his mind , and he ,
Became one who expresses joy and ,
Started having his eyes filled up with tears of joy.
1397.Dasaratha told the kings ,”Oh kings who are firm on,
Lack of bias , good activities , the dislike to bad deeds ,
From now on Rama is the son of you all and instead ,
Of telling “my son” , I will tell “your son”.
And entrust him to you. Please look after him.”
1398. After the council ended, That king who ruled ,
Taking with him an expert who knew astrology ,
Went inside a mountain like hall ,
For finding the auspicious day for the coronation.
2.Mandharai Choozchi Padalam,
Chapter on Mandhara’s evil plan.
(This chapter begins by telling how the information about the crowning reaches the queen Kausalya of Dasaratha. Dasaratha as per advice of astrologer decides to have the coronation next day. The entire city is decorated. Sage Vasishta goes and Rama and advices him how to rule the country. Kooni the hunchback friend of Kaikeyi poisons her mind and she decides to ask two boons from Dasaratha,
No temple or worship in temple is mentioned in Valmiki Ramayana. In Valmiki Ramayana Dasaratha himself informs Kausalya of the coronation . Sage Vasishta only instructs Rama and Sita about rituals to be observed and nothing about how to rule. Honouring of Brahmins as a duty of the king is not dealt in Valmiki Ramayana in this great detail.. No ritual is conducted by Sita in Kamba Ramayana. Kooni according to Valmiki Ramayana is one among the dower sent by Kakeyi’s father. The incident of her being hit by Rama is not mentioned in Valmiki Ramayana. There is a hint in Valmiki Ramayana that Kekaya had taken a promise from Dasaratha , that her son would be crowned as the king. )
1399.When these things were happening in the royal council,
Some four ladies who knew about it who were loving Rama,
Along with open breasts due to the cloth getting untied,
With untied long hair which had fallen ,
Who were trying to catch hold of their fallen dresses,
And with their waist breaking ran speedily to tell the news.
1400.Those four girls were dancing and were singing,
Without bothering about the tune and made all those ,
Who see them keep their hands over their head ,
And without knowing what to tell went in front of Kausalya.
1401Kausalya who had given birth to Rama who had the colour of the cloud,
Saw those ladies who came to her with love and said, “Oh ladies with ,
Mouth like the red fruit , from seeing you, I can guess that you have come here,
To tell a very happy news and so please tell me that joyful news.
1402, They said, “The emperor Dasaratha is going to keep the crown,
Which has been there for ages , on the head of Rama , who is ,
Your worshipful son so that all kings would salute his feet with heroic anklets,
And are going to tell him , “For a long time protect this world.”
1403.Hearing that thinking that her son would get the wealth of kingship,
A sea of joy was created in her mind and making is subside ,
Was the fearful thought that the king would go to the forest ,
And made her feel that Badamukhaagni was drying away her throat.
1404,In spite of that she presented to the ladies who brought the news,
Invaluable pearl necklaces and heaps of wealth and ,
Then along with Sumithra who was very close to her ,
She reached the temple of the God who had the shining wheel.
1405.After going there she saluted the feet which was like a flower in the pond of,
Lord Vishnu who was sitting with Goddess Lakshmi and the Goddess earth,
And who was the soul, the wisdom and source of all the devas .
1406.That Kausalya who kept in her belly, that enchanter God
Who had kept in his divine belly all the worlds ,
Prayed , “please shower your grace on my son,
Who by your grace was born to me.”
1407.After requesting like this , she arranged to worship,
The consort of Goddess Lakshmi to be worshipped as per four Vedas.
And gave as charity cows with calf to all those .
Who were doing penance near the temple.
1408.Meanwhile the experts in mathematics told Dasaratha,
That the most auspicious day for crowning of Rama was the next day,
And as soon as he heard that Dasaratha who owned huge elephants in rut,
And also was wearing heroic anklet , requested Vasishta who had done great penance ,
And caused sufferings to his own body to come there and he came.
1409.Dasaratha told him, “Tomorrow is the auspicious day ,
And to that Rama who has shoulders where pretty bows rubbed,
Should be made to do the necessary rituals with great speed,
And he has also to be taught the dharma of proper rule.”
1410, Vasishta travelling with more speed than his great joy,
Reached the door of Rama , the Lord of the Manu clan,
And hearing about his arrival , the well garlanded Rama ,
Came out and sweetly received him and took him inside his palace.
1411. That Holy Vasishta who was capable of doing great penance without rest,
Looked at Rama who had learned lot of great books and had lot of heard-knowledge,
And said, “Oh expert in war , Dasaratha who has great love towards you,
Is going to give away the rule of this kingdom to you tomorrow.”
1412.After saying this , he again looked at Rama and said,
“There is some thing very important that I need to tell you,
Hear it with attention and follow it with sincerity,”
And after this he started telling the well garlanded Rama.
1413.”Brahmins who are expert in Vedas are greater than,
The black colured Vishnu, Shiva with an eye on his forehead ,
The Brahma who sits on his own lotus flower , growing out of the belly,
, The five great elements as well as truth and so salute them mentally.”
1414.”Oh son , Is there any method to find out,
The number of Brahmins getting angry , number ,
Who join with our mind and shower their grace ,
And the number of devas who became sad and those ,
Who became great without any effort. , due to that,”
1415,”And so Rama , because Brahmins are like that , You ,
Salute the holy feet of such Brahmins who have moved ,
Away from cruel deeds , praise and pray them , tell sweet words ,
To them and also do the jobs as ordered by them.”
1416. “When they order , the fate would also help you,
To become great and also to get destroyed,
And there is nothing greater than praising ,
Those devas of the world .”
1417. Even the holy trinity who get great strength by possessing the,
The rolling wheel, the trident and the Goddess Saraswathi who never gets confused,
If they leave out holy dharma , purity of the mind and merciful behavior,
They would find that nothing good is happening to them.
1418.”Oh son of justice , You do not posses the qualities like ,
Deception which can lead you to your destruction but ,
Please think about how one attains such criminal habits.
1419.When you do not have enmity with any one ,
You do not fight with any one, your fame would be stable ,
Your army would not reduce and it would be stable, ,
And if it is so would any one want to fight with you?
1420.”Oh son, Controlling the five sense organs which lead ,
To their controlled pleasures , if one daily examines ,
The income to the government , we would be strong enough ,
To scare our enemies and that is the ideal rule and that rule,
Is like a penance , one does standing on the tip of the sword.”
1421.”Even if one is Shiva with his consort of Uma or Lord Vishnu riding high on Garuda
Or Lord Brahma having eight eyes that does not blink or to the king with great shoulders ,
The ruling of the country according to advice of Minister is masculine thing to do.
1422.T o those sages who have become ones with only bone and skin,
And the devas who do not have that also , the control of Their great enemy,
Which is their sense organs do not have a better wealth than,
Love , which has nothing before or after in all the three worlds.
Love , which has nothing before or after in all the three worlds.
1423. In this world of all beings , The kings are like bodies,
To all those souls and to them , if they do not cross the limits of Dharma,
And Truth, at any time without any doubt whatsoever ,
What is the need of doing Yagnas and Yagas?
1424.If a king talks sweetly , has charitable habits ,is a thinker,
Who puts in effort to do work , is pure , is great, gets victories ,
Who never moves away from the tenets of justice even a little .
Then would that king face destruction at any time?
1425. By removing all those which do not support good character,
And maintaining his sense of justice like the hand of balance used to weigh gold,
Any great king who rules the world , and he would not need an eye,
Except the time when they are hearing the advice of good ministers.
1426,If a king acts as per the advice of sages who are thinkers ,
And are deeply interested in what they do without any change ,
Due to the great love and reverence they have to them,
Then their love and honour towards him is a great weapon to him.
1427. If the passion raised by the ladies who wear pretty waist belt ,
Who are termed as the comets on this earth, are not there in a king,
He will never face destruction nor will he go to hell.
1428. Vasishta who was an expert on religious philosophy,
After teaching these and other rules of Dharma and justice,
To Rama who is an incarnation of Lord Vishnu who swallowed all the three worlds,
Along with him reached the temple of the God with thousand crowns.
1429.After worshipping the God who sleeps on his snake bed,
He made Rama bathe in the auspicious waters made by chanting of four Vedas there ,
And after completing all rituals prescribed by wise people .
He spread white Durba grass on the floor and made Rama sit on it.
1430. When Rama was sitting on Durba seat and happily doing the rituals,
Vasishta who wears the three stringed sacred thread on his chest ,
Quickly went back and told about it all to the emperor , who ordered,
That the proclamation to decorate the town be made by beating the drum,.
1431. The One who proclaims went round the city and beat the drum and told,
“Rama would be crowned as the consort of the mother earth,
And so let this city be decorated.” And this also made the devas happy .
1432.Though the words that that Rama the lad , who had the fame ,
Of the poems singing about him would wear the pretty crown,
Were one which made the ears sweet , to all those people of the city,
It was like the offering given in sacrifices as well as nectar.
1433. They made great sound , became happy and danced and sang,
Some developed sweat , some increased in weight due to joy,
To many the hairs stood erect , and they praised king Dasaratha,
And gave great wealth to all who told this good news.
1434.Those loving citizens of the city beautified it,
Which was already pretty like improving the luster,
Of the Sun who has packed together rays ,
And like polishing the Kausthuba gem,
On the wide chest of the God who lies down.
1435,Several rows of flags coloured as white, black red as well as other colours.
Appeared in the city and it was looking like that all the birds have entered the city,
To witness the great coronation Ceremony of Rama who wears flower garlands with honey.
1436.There banana stems resembling the thighs of the ladies were erected,
And like the neck of those ladies , the city became crowded with betel nut trees,
And like the white colour of their smile , here and there garlands of pearl hung,
And golden pots filled with water resembling their breasts were arranged.
1437.The early sun entered the city through the decorative hangings,
Of the doors of the city and a distinct ptrettiness came to light ,
And those decorative hangings in the form of sharks were made to touch the moon,
And gave out very great brilliance and gave a very fresh look.
1438.Those faultless pillars made of red gems which were covered with white cloth,
Resembled the white ash coated Shiva having the blue coloured Uma by his side,
And the pillars made of white pearls were looking like morning sun hid by snow.
1439.The streets of the city with the luster like full moon created by gem garlands
And the rows of gem stones thickly erected gave out light like early sun,
And crowd of blue gems creating light darkness ,
And the day very well coincided to the day fixed by experts on astrology.
1440. The Groups of chariots with decorations like dancing horses ,
Resembled the planes which have descended from heaven to earth,
And the huge elephants in rut with shining face mask .
Was like the rising mountain which can be compared,
To the sun roaming in those streets.
1441. In the city blessed with wealth , on the huge walls built by crystal stones,
Red gems were climbing and shining and due to that, the red sky ,
Which appears in the evening because it removes darkness , neither grows nor reduces.
1442.in those streets with buildings there was rain of flower,
Rain of water , rain of fresh scented powders ,
Silver rain due to falling of pearls and the golden rain,
Due the dashing together of golden gems ,
And it looked like there was a huge rain there.
1443,Like the heroes who have tied their heroic anklets with a rope,
The Elephants in rut which can be compared to clouds,
Were tied with she elephants who were like the ladies of the city ,
Who were wearing hanging waist belts and had chariot like hips,
Walked along with the garland with bells tied on them.
1444.In the city the rising wealth , beauty and joy ,
Were not reducing and without knowing it earlier ,
When the devas came to see the coronation ,
They thought they have not come to Ayodhya and were confused.
1445.Due to the very great sound that was being made to decorate the city,
And make it like the golden town of devas , like the horrors done by Ravana,
Was born again in earth to destroy him , Kooni ,a hunchback lady ,
Who had a cruel mind that is not approachable came out and saw it.
1446.That Kooni who came out like that , with her mind shaking ,
With great anger and mind that was giving her pain ,
With eyes giving out fire sparks , with voice which was stuttering ,
Started creating a matchless sorrow to all the three worlds.
1447. She recollecting the mud ball which hit her , being sent by Rama,
In his very young days in her mind , with a mouth with folded lower lips,
Reached the palace of Kaikeyi who had a red mouth like Kovvai fruit.
1448.She reached Kaikeyi who was like coral garland lying on the waves of ocean of milk,
And was like a lotus flower generated the best of the gems of the four seas,
And whose eyes were showering grace who was sleeping on a very soft bed.
1449. Like the bad planets moving from one place to another to cause problems,
She neared Kaikeyi who was the daughter of Kekaya and touched her feet ,
Which was like a fully open lotus flower due to penance
And on which she was wearing a golden anklets.
1450.As soon as Kooni rubbed her feet , that lady who had a godly virtue,
Woke up and though sleepiness has not left her long eyes ,
And being egged by the horrible fate which will bring her bad name,
She started to talk to her in conversation.
1451.Kooni said, “Like the moon shining with light which produces coolness,
Every thing does not change even when the cruel snake Rahu is nearing it,
Even while a great sorrow is coming to give you lots of trouble,
You do not seem to be sorrowing but sleeping happily.”
1452-1453.When that Kooni who was like great poison told like this ,
Kaikeyi who had a spear like eyes said “ My sons who hold the bow,
To kill their enemies are doing well and in their jobs,
They never waver from path of Dharma and so What bad ,
Trouble can come to me now? And it is told that ,
Those who give birth to sons with good characters ,
Which are praised by others , would leave out,
Sorrow ,that cannot be removed and attain salvation.
And when I have given birth to Rama who is like Vedas ,
To all the worlds which do not mix together , What problem can come to me.”
1454.When Kaikeyi who had very deep love towards Rama told like this,
That Kooni , who was like the sin surrounding her started talking and told ,
“Your welfare has been destroyed,, your wealth has suffered ,
Your step wife Kausalya due to her intelligence has got wealth and welfare.”
1455.When Kooni told those words , she who wears selected ornaments,
Said, “Since my husband is the king of kings and since my son Bharata,
Is a very famous one , What other greater thing is going to be achieved by her?”
1456.”With masculine men making fun of him , bringing stain to his masculinity ,
Rama bent his great bow to kill a lady who was known as Thadaga ,
And his coronation would be carried out tomorrow and this is what Kausalya got.”
1457.And when these words were told to her , the mind of Kaikeyi,
Was exactly like the mind of Kausalya and she could not see the difference,
For , the father of Rama had entered in to her mind and was living there.
1458,Due to love rising up and making sound of happiness like sea in her mind,
That pure one with a faultless face shined like moon and due,
To it further rising up and cross all the boundaries , she gave ,
A garland made of Rathnas which was like the chief of all flames.
1459.The cruel Kooni shouted in a loud voice , chided ,
Stared with her small eyes so that fire came out of it,
Berated her , Took deep hot breaths , disfigured herself ,
Cried and using the golden chain to dig a hole on the floor.
1460.That kooni who gave rise to pain saw Kaikeyi with anger ,
And said, “you are ignorant , your mind is not all right,
You suffer sorrow along with child born to you ,
I cannot tolerate you to be servant to the servants,
Of your step wife for a very long time.”
1461, “When the Sita with red mouth and the black prince ,
Are seating in a high seat with great joy , if the time comes,
When Bharata without any thing has to sit on the floor
You will think about the reason for your happiness,
As well as the good that you are likely to get for being happy?”
1462,”Kausalya has not forgotten the good that has come to her ,
And Rama has attained the kingship which is wealth among wealth,
Because Bharata was born to you he has not died and for,
What purpose has he to live? Though he is born , he is as good as not born.”
1463, If the entire world is going to be truly ruled by Rama ,
And Lakshmana and they also are going protect this country,
For limitless years it is better for Bharata along ,
With his brother to go away and do great penance.
1464.The well decorated Bharata who has the elephant in rut,
With prettiness which attracts the lady of earth , should rule the earth,
And should be kept in the row of great kings,
But since he was not born to that, it is better he dies.
1465,”That king Dasaratha who wears heroic anklets made of gold
Since Bharata has not been lucky ,was sent by him ,
Through the mountain path with teak trees to ,
The Kekaya country which is very far off.
I came to know the reason for that only today.”
1466,Again Mandhara(kooni) started telling in a classified manner,
“Oh my son, Oh Bharata , by giving the country to Rama ,
By going away from justice , using the water of the world,
Dasaratha has become a cruel man and your mother ,
Also has become cruel , In between them what can you do?”
1467.”Oh Kaikeyi , you who were born in a royal family ,
Who was brought up in a royal family , got married in to a royal family,
Are falling in the ocean of sorrow , where to find the shore is difficult,
Even if I tell you are not obeying , do you understand it.” said she.
1468.”Bharatha has knowledge ,, youth , inestimable strength ,
Greatness is war with bow and limitless very good qualities ,
And if he does not become the king , all these ,
Would go waste like the nectar which falls on grass.”
1469.When the cruel words were told by Kooni , making her mouth bitter
Fell on her , Kaikeyi felt as if ghee has been poured,
On already raging fire and that pretty daughter of king of Kekaya,
With great anger making her eyes red stared at Kooni and started speaking.
1470.”Oh cruel one , great people, like the lustrous great sun,
Will not swerve from the path of truth even if they loose things like their soul
These kings who belongs to the Manu clan who follow the clan ,
Descendent rules like the peacock. Why did you tal ill of them by base intentions.”
1471.”Oh lady with an ignorant mind , you are not one who does good to me,
And you are also not one who does good to my son Bharata,
And if we examine as per Dharma, you are not one who does good to yourself,
And due to being lead by Karma , you are telling what is in your mind.”
1472.”Giving bith to children loosing them and getting another one
All lead to fame but if we lose our fame , lose our sense of justice,
Lose the nature of following good path , lose the penance that we are doing ,
Lose the valour without doing mistakes or change the rules of our clan ,
We lose our fame completely.”
1473.”Oh ignorant one , go away from my front , I have pardoned you,
Without punishing you by your toungue which is silly ,
If this is known to people outside you would be considered ,
As having done treason to justice and rules of behavior, so keep quiet.”
1474.That Kooni , in spite of hearing these words , like any effort of curing poison,
Is not effective in curing it and causes sorrow said , “Oh lady who is like a pretty creeper,
Who is in my protection , unless I am able to do good to you , I will not move out,”
And fell at the feet of Kaikeyi and further talked.
1475. “If we see the practice that the eldest son inherits the kingdom,
Is not Rama with a colour of the blue sea , younger than Dasaratha who rules the earth?
And if Dasaratha agrees to give the crown to Rama who is younger,
How can we stop Bharata from inheriting this kingdom which gives progress?”
1476. Even in case the sages who are full of Dharma and who have done,
Very great penance , after receiving difficult to get wealth , their thought changes,
And though Kausalya does not torture you with intention of killing you,
By their mind they would cause you great sorrow so that you would die by yourself.
1477.For Kausalya who has very broad imagination, if her son is going to rule
Thinking of the land he gets is not sufficient , she would try to own the entire world,
And you and your son who has great love to you , will own only what she gives you.
1478.To those followed by sorrow and poverty who are forced to come to beg in your house,
Would you give wealth after begging from her? Or would you stand there ashamed?
Or would you commit suicide thinking that this bad fate has come to you?
Or would you say no to the beggars ? How are you going to live?
1479.Oh intelligent one , Are you worried as to what is to be done?
In the future after some days , your father , your brother ,
The relations of yours or those who are there in your clan,
Thinking of destroying their poverty and loss in status , if they come here ,
Would they be able to see your wealth or the wealth of your step wife ?
1480.”Oh ignorant one , fearing your husband who has great love towards you,
Janaka the father of Sita with mouth as red as the red fruit ,
Has not waged a war and destroyed your father and he is now uncle of Rama,
Is there any future left to your father , Who are in this world who have as much bad name as you?
1481,Also your father Kekaya have other great enemies and when they attack him,
If the king Of Kosala does not go and help him , how will your father get victory?
Please tell that way, You have firmly decided that your relations would fall in the sea if Sorrow.
1482.You have completely spoiled the chances and destroyed your pet son Bharata.
If Dasaratha who owns the earth dressed by the ocean with rising tides ,
Gives the kingship to Rama then later it would go only to his children,
Or his very close brother Lakshmana . Would it ever come back to Bharata?
1483.When the cruel Kooni told like this , due to illusion created by devas,
Who wanted the boon that they had received should come true ,
And also due to great penance done by great Brahmins
The mind of Kaikeyi changed to the path that was indicated by Kooni.
1484.Due to the sins of Rakshasas and the great penance by other people,
Which stood in her mind like a good deer , she left off her good mercy.
And due to that all these worlds belongs to Rama even today ,
And his epic great fame keeps on spreading everywhere .
1485.That Kaikeyi whose mind has changed like that saw with love,
That Kooni who was full of Karma said,”You are having love towards me.
You are being good to my son Bharata also .Please tell me how,
That Bharata would posses that very pretty crown.”
1486. When Kaikeyi who had eyes like the half cut tender mango , told like this,
Kooni said, “My friend is an able lady and she who is my help is a great lady”
And Saluted the feet of Kaikeyi “if you are going to obey my words and make the mind of Dasaratha,
Depressed then I will tell you how to make all these fourteen worlds come to your only son Bharata .”
1487.She who was hunch backed in the mind also said, “Oh lady with a cool gem like smile,
After great thought I am telling you some thing. When the Sambarasura who was wearing ,
The garland of victory was defeated , and Dasaratha won as if that battle was an easy sport,
He gave you two boons and now you demand that from him and get it.”
1488.”Using one of those boons make , your son get the kingship,
And using the other make , Rama wander in the great forest,
For fourteen years after he goes away from Ayodhya ,
If you do this , the entire rich world would obey,
Your son Bharata and this is the trick I suggest.”
1489-1490.When Kooni told like this , the very pleased Kaikeyi .
Hugged her like her own soul and after presenting her,
With great wealth and garlands with costly gems praised her by telling,
“You have given this world surrounded by the tumultuous sea,
To my son Bharata and so you have become mother of a king.
You have told a good trick . If Bharata is not crowned by gem studded crown,
And if Rama is not driven out to the dense forest ,
I would take away my soul before king Dasaratha,
And go away from this world . You can go now.”
3.Kaikeyi choozhvinai Padalam
The chapter on conspiracy of Kaikeyi
(Kaikeyi acts as if she is upset and sad and demands from the king the two boons he had promised her earlier. He agrees. Then she requests him to crown Bharata and send Rama to the forest for fourteen years. Dasaratha is shattered .He begs Kaikeyi in various ways but at the end gives her the boon. The sun rises next morning. Sumanthra as per request of sage Vasishta comes to meet Dasaratha but Kaikeyi asks him to bring Rama. When Rama comes Kaikeyi tells that Bharata should rule and he should go to the forest. He happily agres and goes back.
Mostly Kamba Ramayana agrees with Valmiki Ramayana in describing incidents of this chapter.)
1491.After Kooni left ,Kaikeyi got from the bed of flowers ,
Pulled the flower garland from her cloud like long hair,
Like pulling out the moon covered by the huge cloud of monsoon,
And threw it making the crowd of honey bees scattered.
1492.Like completely uprooting her fame which was growing like a flag post,
She pulled out and threw away her shining waist belt ,
She removed the anklets with bell from her legs also,
Like one who tries clean the dirt from the moon , she ,
Also rubbed off the thilaka from her lustrous forehead near her falling hair.
1493. Also she removed all her faultless ornaments and dashed them separately ,
Spread her long hair where musk ghee has been applied on the floor and,
Shedding tears and made the kajal from her blue flower like eyes shed,
And rolled on the bare floor like a branch where all flowers have been removed.
1494.The daughter of king Kekaya was lying exhausted like a deer which had fallen down,
Like a normally dancing peacock stopping the dance and sleeping ,
And like the elder sister of Goddess Laksmi, who has arrived there,
Thinking that The goddess Lakshmi sitting in a lotus flower would go away from Ayodhya
1495,Dasaratha who had long hands which held the wheel of rule,
Who was like a lion , after the night crossed mid night ,
Accompanied by kings who were saying “long live”,
Reached the palace of Kaikeyi who had voice which even yaazh was scared.
1496-1497.With the kings accompanying him stopping at the gate of private apartments,
Along with maids who would come running and obey all his orders,
The king of kings reached Kaikeyi who had very soft shoulders, who has got up from her bed,
And who had broad eyes which were sharper than spears,
And when he saw her carefully he thought, What great sorrow has come,
And hugged her who was like a female deer and with his long hands,
Which were like the trunk of an elephant started lifting her.
1498.That Kaikeyi who was like a soul to the king who wore scented garlands ,
Did no show any change and removed the long hands of the king,
Again fell on the ground like the fall of a shining flag,
And without telling any thing started breathing deeply.
1499.That king who was wearing a garlands seeing her action and asked,
“What happened? Any one in these seven worlds who dared,
To insult you would meet their destruction by being killed by me.
After you tell all that has happened , you see my action , tell without delay.”
1500.That Kaikeyi who heard the words of the king who was wearing a garland,
Around which the bees hummed , With tears from her long eyes falling on her chest, told,
“If the grace of your equals that of my eye ,
Give me back what you have given to me long back with great love .”
1501. Without understanding the mind of Kaikeyi from whose hair honey dropped,
Dasaratha laughed like the lightning which had very great light and told,
“I would do whatever your mind wants without leaving any shortcoming,
And I am taking an oath on the very charitable Rama who is your son.”
1502. When Dasaratha who was having great qualities made that promise ,
She who did not have any doubt about success told , “oh king,
If you want to remove the great sorrow that I have , grant me,
Those two boons that you offered to me with devas as witness.”
1503.Dasaratha who did not think and understand the words of ,
Kaikeyi , who had a mind to cheat him told her ,
“You need not have become so sad and miserable ,
For getting those boons from me, I would give them now itself ,
So that heaviness of mind leaves you now itself.”
1504. She who was more cruel than all that is termed as cruel said,
“Using one boon that you gave me , my son Bharata should rule this kingdom,
And using the other the husband of Sita should go to the forest,”
And stood there without any sorrow to her mind.
1505.When that poison left the toungue of Kaikeyi who was as cruel as the snake,
Shivering greatly not able to hold that poison , which caused that great sorrow,
And his body burning and attaining tiredness , Dasaratha fell on the floor,
Like an elephant whose great speed was destroyed by a serpent.
1506. Who can describe the sorrow of Dasaratha who fell on the floor,
And rolled on it and attained very great sorrow?
With the pain increasing and mind burning like the fire,
Raised by the blacksmith using his bellows , he let out hot breaths.
1507. His toungue became dry , the soul started leaving his body,
The mind faded , The eyes let out lots and lots of blood,
And due to increased worries the five sense organs suffered
And were wondering what can be done by them.
1508.Dasaratha who was suffering great sorrow with soul shivering,
Sat for some time on the floor , stood up and again fall down,
And like a picture his breath stopped and wanted ,
To catch hold of that sinner and dash her.
1509.That king who was like an elephant in whose terrible wound,
A spear which was thrown by a powerful hand entered ,
Was ashamed about the likely bad fame if he kills a lady,
He started wandering here and there leaving out deep breaths ,
With the great pain that was inside his mind,
And then he will stare at Kaikeyi and become again depressed.
1510.When that king who was like an elephant in rut which got tied ,
On a big staff was with pain in the mind falling down and getting up,
Devas got scared and started shivering for it looked to them,
That the time of final deluge has come but the mind of Kaikeyi,
Who had an arrow like eyes was stable and was not wavering,.
1511.She was not scared by seeing the sorrow of her husband ,
Her mind did not get mercy and neither was she ashamed,
And we are feeling greatly ashamed to describe her state .
Wise people of yore always thought that deception was a lady,
And concluded that women were ones without line of attachment.
1512.That Dasaratha who was standing like that and who was,
Having a spear on which ghee was applied , after seeing Kaikeyi,
Asked her “Have you ever been surprised? Or has some ,
Deceiver spoiled your mind, Tell me the truth with oath on me.”
1513”Oh king who has horses kept under control , I have,
Never been surprised , no deceiver has come and told anything to me,
If you grant the boons that you had promised earlier , I will receive them,
But if you do not grant them , I would die leaving the crime on you.”
1514.That king who did not have any soul except his son ,
Even before the ignorant one could complete , her words ,
Of great anger , got confused like one who was wounded,
By a great spear on the burn wound which was already there,
And fell senseless on the floor with wounded mind and with wonder.”
1515.That Dasaratha who had a sword by which he had achieved victory,
Over heavens , earth and land of serpents seeing Kaikeyi told ,
“Oh cruel lady, “ and then he would take a big breath and again say,
“Alas, this Dharma is cruel” and while saying “let the truth die ,
He would totter and then again fall on the ground ,
1516.That Dasaratha who has won over great heroes with his spear,
Became greatly angry thinking “Using my very sharp sword,
I should kill all the ladies on earth and after that,
I would also join the beings who have reached the lower worlds.”
1517. That king Dasaratha who was well known in all the worlds,
For his dedication to truth , beat one palm with another palm,
Bit his lips , would let out hot breath saying to himself ,
“Telling truth would harm me “ and then like the fire ,
In which ghee is poured , he became sad with a broken mind.
1518.The king Dasaratha who had crowded feet which was being saluted by great kings,
Who had an elephant army that breaks the staff that they were tied one after another,
Like a good king who wanted to remove the mistakes that he has committed while ruling,
Thinking that patience is better if it leads to good , Fell at the feet of Queen Kaikeyi.
1519.He said, “your son would not accept this kingship and even if he accepts,
This world would not like it and you would not attain your wish for being praised,
By all this people of the universe at any time and what is the use ,
Of getting a bad name and be berated by all the world.”
1520.”Even devas will not accept your decision , the people of earth will all die,
But what is the need to think about the reaction of others? With whom shall,
You rule this world? Rama has accepted the proposal because of my words.
Would he not as per custom give this kingship to your son also later?”
1521.”Oh lady , who is the daughter of the charitable king of Kekaya ,
Even if you wanted my eyes , I am bound to give it to you and even if,
You want my soul which is in my body , it is already under your control.
If you want that boon, please receive only the kingdom and forget the other” , he said.
1522.”I have told you by my mouth that I have given you the boons,
Now I will not change it .Please do not tell such words which would make me sad,
And which would make suffer. Like a mother giving any thing if some body begs her,
, Even a ghost with fire like eyes also would give and would it be a mistake if you grant this?”
1523.Like this that victorious king several times begged her ,
But the mind of her who was matchless in cruelty , did not melt and she said,
“Oh king , you have given these boons earlier and if you do not act on them due to anger ,
What will happen? Who would be there in this world to protect truth?”
1524.That king who never praised a “lie” but always praised the “truth”,
Hearing those words was greatly hurt , became further weakened ,
And with more patience than earlier and with shame thinking ,
“whether poisonous fire has come in the form of that lady”,
Stood some time breathless started talking further begging her.
1525.”Your son would rule and you also would sweetly rule ,
All the earth would be under your control . You would rule. I have granted this.
I would not change my words , Let my eye like son not go away from here “, he said.
1526.He further said, “My truth would uproot and destroy me and I am sad,
Thinking about my fate . My toungue has dried talking to you ,If today,
My son having lotus like hands would go away from my presence,
I would not be alive and so my soul is under your control.”
1528.Kaikeyi who was not bothered about the sweet begging words of Dasaratha ,
Whose anger had not diminished, Whose mind was like a dried wood,
Who did not have sense of shame and who was not bothered about bad name ,
Said to Dasaratha, Oh king who is capable of lifting a huge bow,
“Please tell me that your asking me to leave out a boon that you have given me,
At an early time as you have a strong mind and not following Dharma.”
1529.When that cruel lady told like this that great king said to her ,
“If Rama is not crowned and walks with harsh forest full of stones,
My soul would truly go away from me “ and fell down,
On the earth like a huge tree struck with thunder.
1530.He fell and got drowned the waters of the ocean of great sorrow ,
He further drowned and drowning he could not see the other shore of the ocean,
He faded thinking of her who caused great sorrow surrounding him,
Who was telling harsh and cruel words and who was breaking his heart with them.
1531-1535.”the ladies who wear shining bangles would merge with body
With the soul of their great husbands and would like to die earlier to him,
. They have so far got only this fame and no one has killed her husband ,
Oh lady with a cruel heart , are you killing me now.
You are not seeing my sorrow and you are not bothered of current behavior,
You never think about Dharma . You have killed “mercy” from your mind,
You have also killed my great soul by the sharp arrow of your toungue,
And you would be killed by people of earth not bothered about the sin of killing women,
Good ladies are those who do not move away from greatness and wear ,
The ornaments called shyness, innocence and fear and those ladies,
Who desire for fame leave out shyness and are not good ladies.
For they are masculine and never can be called feminine.
I who have attained victory over all the people, who have been,
Crowned as kings and all those kings who are classified as great,
Due to their strength and wisdom as well as devas in all wars,
Would attain the bad fate of facing defeat from a lady of my own home.
That Dasaratha who had shoulders like one gold mountain meeting another ,
Started thinking in various ways and became sad by telling various things,
Would get drowned in ocean of sorrow , would suffer by various types,
Of sorrow which are different from each other and would faint,
With a doubt whether he was breathing at all and his heart would break.
1536.When Dasaratha who was having a chariot with wheels made of gold ,
Became depressed and was rolling on the earth with the dust coating his pretty shoulders,
Kaikeyi who did not have mercy in her heart said., “oh king,
Who wears golden ornaments , Tell that I got it properly,
Otherwise I would take away my life.”
1537.Kaikeyi who was like the spreading raging fire which does not get put out ,
And destroys lives, said, “Oh king with a well tied bow , Did not one king,
Of your clan sacrifice his own life to protect truth ? Having given the boon,
If you are sorrowing at the present time, what use can be there?”
1539.That very strong king thinking that if we do not agree this cruel lady ,
Would die said,” I have given, given those boons and let my son rule the forest,
I would die and then rule the heaven andyou along with your son,
Would keep on swimming in the ocean of bad name not able to get out of it.”
1540.As soon as he completed saying it , with great sorrow entering his mind ,
Which was similar to the cutting in to pieces by a sword meant for killing,
Fainted , lost consciousness and forgot everything , While Kaikeyi,
Who had achieved what she wanted happily started sleeping.
1541.Having for several days lived like one soul and did lot of things together,
And after seeing her husband with strong shoulders drown in sorrow,
And not bothering about it or becoming merciful , that lady with lustrous teeth,
Was seen by the cool lady of the night and becoming shy ,
To stand before men , she vanished and the night came to an end.
1542.Those cocks which coo at the last yama of that night , seeing that Dasaratha,
Who wears bee hovering flower garlands had fainted due to that cruel Kaikeyi,
And also seen him losing his wisdom and also hearing the lamentations that he made,
Appeared to beat on their own belly by their pretty legs and crying.
1543.Elephants who were in safe places after completing their sweet sleep ,
With great love to Rama , with a shivering mind thinking that Sita with her pretty waist belt,
And Rama with a name which cannot be ever forgotten, would go to the forest,
Started from there as if announcing to the world that they would also go to forest.
1544.Before the auspicious thread was tied on hands
Which resembled the trunk of an elephant , of Rama ,
Who was Lord Vishnu with red eyes similar to lotus flower ,
The enclosure (pandal) which was built to give shade to the entire world,
And which had pearl hangings which used to spread cold ,
Was removed and like that the sky with stars vanished.
1545.To make us all know that the night during which time.
All of us are defeated and suffer due to the sugarcane bow of god of love ,
And to make us all know that the time to salute Rama who held the Kodanda bow in his hand
Has arrived huge drums made lot of sound and due to that sound ,
Which resemble thunder coming out of clouds big peacocks
Started dancing and ladies with joy woke up before their husbands.
1546.Due to the slow scented breeze which made lots of flowers open up ,
Were sad with their waist belt and cloths of hips loosen up and some maids,
Each of whom saw , a deceiving dream that they were making love To Rama ,
Were awakened by the breeze which also put a stop to their dreams.
1547. Like the flowers of red lily getting closed at morn , the mouths of good ladies were shut ,
Seeing the undesirable act of Kaikeyi who had a cruel mind , which shatters the difficult to get fame,
Which brings very bad name which would remain for a long time to come , which brings destruction,
To the fame of the very great clan and also destroy their own greatness.
1548.The sharp arrows of god of love which fills mind with passion and,
Makes the desire in the mind to burn furiously like wild fire and,
The wind which is in the sky due to their cutting their body ,
And making their souls tired as well as the mature songs ,
Entered the ears of ladies and made them suffer as if snakes have entered the ears.
1549.To the men who had hands like the clouds , that sinner night ,
Which came in between the day when Rama with a wheel is to be crowned,
Appeared to be very lengthy and they deciding that their eyes and hearts,
Are about to see the crowning ceremony ,to see which ,
All the beings in the seven worlds were doing great penance ,
Are going to lead a grand life that day woke up from their bed.
1550.Those ladies who were feigning sleep by closing their long eyes,
Which were like sharp ghee coated spears , thinking about Rama,
With a wish for seeing the prettiness of body of Rama which gives great luster ,
Got up from the beds made of best harvested great flowers ,
Which were surrounded by bees which were humming songs.
1551.Those ladies who were wearing great garlands of flower ,
With great strength of mind , who had love tiff with their husbands ,
With a fear that the gold chain will hurt their lovers when they hug them,
Wore flower garlands and at the time since the siren ending the night sounded,
The men who were sad because of the love tiff did not get a chance to get happiness.
1552.In all places the peacock hangings made pleasant sound , the bees hummed,
The movement of flower garlands made sound , the drums blared ,
The moving chariots produced sound , the ornaments of ladies ,
Whose pearl studded ropes rub with their waist produced sound ,
The birds cooed , Sting instruments made sound and the horses,
Which run faster than mind neighed like thunder.
1553.That Dasaratha who merged all the fourteen worlds with his soul,
Being one wedded to truth , due to the great affection towards his eldest son,
Became one with all the five senses have become subdued and the
Luster of the lights in the streets was dimming like his lustrous soul,
From his greatly shivering body which had divinity.
1554.Various types of pipes spread honey like musical sounds,
The sweet music where words were important filled the sky,
Great sound was produced by musical instruments called Pambai,
And with various anklets worn by ladies creating sound ,,
Their conch bangles raised suitable sounds ,
The horns made sound everywhere and the chanting of Sama veda was also being heard.
1555.With the smoke like darkness which filled everywhere jumping and running away,
And like the lamps which were inside the houses slowly fading away , due to the,
Enmical act of Kaikeyi the great soul of Dasaratha was also fading away ,
The sun rose with blood red colour in the east looking like he was very angry.
1556. The lotus flowers , which looked like the faces of ladies bloomed in groups,
AS if they wanted to see with desire , the great beauty of Rama , who was the basis,
Of Lord Vishnu, Lord Shiva and Lord Brahma , who has become everything in the world,
Who broke the bow held by Shiva the God of Gods and was wearing the huge crown.
1557.When things were like this those living in the city rose ,
Like the rising of all the seven oceans at the same time and,
Thinking that it was the day of coronation of Rama,
With great desire did lot of activities and even though,
People like me they are all very much beyond thought ,
I would try to tell about them to the best of my ability.
1558.The young ladies , who steal the minds of men,
Who were proud like the elephants , would apply the red cotton juice,
Would search the best of conch bangles which are white like milk,
Would say kajal and apply it on their sword and spear like eyes,
Which would look like poison and they would decorate their hair with fresh flowers.
1559. When the tide of the joy was flowing out , among those ladies who had,
Spot less faces like a fully opened lotus flower who had drunk toddy,
And had joyful eyes which were like the kendai fishes
The saffron paste that they had applied in their chest was not getting rubbed off,
And because of this all those men who had hefty shoulders.
Became like the brothers of Lord Rama.
1560. Those old ladies of great virtue who were living in that city became possessed ,
With mother like minds of Kausalya and the young ladies in joy matched Sita,
That Sita became like Goddess Lakshmi , all the Brahmins became like sage Vasishta,
And all the old men became like that of king Dasaratha.
1561.For seeing the coronation of the husband of Sita who had cone like breasts,
Huge crowd of kings , impelled by their great desire to come , came ,
Like the crowd of devas who had come to eat nectar , making empty,
This great world which is surrounded by oceans on all sides.
1562.In the pretty streets of that great city , all places were occupied by
Crowds of ladies who had mouth which is red like coral and sweet like honey,
Who had thick breasts and who had wide hips and also crowd of men,
Who were shouting “go ahead, go ahead” but not moving themselves ,
And did not proceed ahead nor were able to go back.
1563.Some of them were saying , “number of kings is more”,
Some were saying , “number of Brahmins is more”,
Some saying “men were more” , some saying “ladies are more”,
Some saying “those who have come are more “,
Some saying “the number of people who are yet to come are more”,
But it was clear that they only knew what they thought and there were none who knew everything.
1564. With the prettiness of blue lotus , the cruelty of the spear , mixed together ,
Applying the poison called the shining Kajal along with a look of the white shining sun,
The ladies had big eyes and hip that was bending when they came,
And crowded there like a crowd of dancing peacocks.
1565.The asuras of Lanka were the only ones, who had not to come to see that Rama who wore
The scented garland of Thulasi marrying the great bride of the lady called earth,
And apart from that those who had not come were the mountains ,
Of the seven worlds and those elephants with rut ,
Standing on the eight different directions and carrying the earth.
1566.Al l those great kings who were ruling over the earth,
Who can be compared to Devendra came like crores of moons,
With royal umbrellas made of pearl held high , fanned by
White cowries which looked like the crowded swan of the skies,
Came and as per their order and entered the hall of coronation.
1567.All those great ones who had mastered the four Vedas ,
Who due to their great penance were blessing the world with good,
Came like they have come to celebrate the entry of their eldest sons,
To married life and entered the hall of coronation,
To see the great marriage of Rama with the goddess earth.
1568. The devas who had come to see the celebration filled up the sky,
Those who lived in the wide earth dressed with oceans filled the eight directions,
The auspicious booming sound of conch , the beat of the drums with wide eyes,
Filled the ears of those who came to witness the function,
And the mountain of gold that was given in charity filled up the seven oceans.
1569.The rays of light starting from the bodies of the kings ,
Hid the the luster of lamps and the light coming from,
The movement of crowns hid the light of Sun in the sky,
The light from the ornaments of ladies who were smiling,
With their white teeth resembling the pearls born in a sea,
Possibly thinking they can hide the world of devas also,
Hid both the eyes of all the devas who were there.
1570.In these circumstances Vasishta of great penance ,
Collecting all the auspicious things necessary to the coronation,
Of Rama accompanied with experts in Vedas chanting all the four Vedas,
Came to the hall of coronation , making his way through the old entrances.
1571.He then filled up the auspicious waters from River ganges to the river Kumari,
As well as the waters of the four seas in sacred pots , made arrangements ,
Of all the materials that were needed for fire sacrifice , erected the valorous throne,
In proper place and also did all that is needed for the coronation.
1572.When the experts in astrology told him that the auspicious time has come,
That Vasishta who did penance so that disease of birth cycle is removed,
And who stood by it said, “Go and bring the emperor who wears,
The jeweled crown with haste”, the loving Sumantra with bent head,
Went with great speed and love to carry out that errand.
1573.When he was not able to see Dasaratha in the palace which was touching the sky,
He made enquiries and reached the palace of Kaikeyi and informed the ,
Servant ladies with the red mouth and when they went and told it to Kaikeyi,
That one who was like god of death among ladies said, “Go and bring Rama.”
1574.Sumantra who heard that , with his joy increasing further ,
Crossed the streets with palaces of Gold with great speed ,
Entered the palace of Rama saluted him who with mountain like shoulders,
Was only thinking of him , hid his mouth with hand and started telling.
1575.”Kings , sages and all those who are on this earth are showering,
Love on you like your father Dasaratha and your step mother Kaikeyi,
Asked me to bring you to her palace and so come quickly ,
To wear that great crown which is made of gold.”
1576. As soon as Rama heard that after saluting Lord Vishnu ,
With one thousand heads , accompanied like an ocean,
By the crowd of kings singing prayers of God,
With devas in the sky blessing him with great joy ,
And with ladies making great sound and staring at him,
With great desire , Travelled in a chariot decorated by garlands.
1577.Those ladies knowing Rama is going to wear the auspicious crown,
Egged by love as well as great joy , joined together ,
And approached near him on both his sides ,
And they felt that all their sweet souls has joined together ,
And saw that their soul travelling in a matchless chariot.
1578.Due to words that make one shiver told by Kaikeyi,
Rama would be avoiding the lustrous ceremony of crowning,
And would separate himself from the pure divine lady of earth,
Rama accompanied by the songs sung by those ladies,
And entered the thick forest of the bamboos of thick shoulders ,
And which has the fatal spear of their eyes.
1579-1580.Those ladies who were throwing at Rama the scented powders ,
Flowers , sandal and gold , who were letting fall their very pretty,
Waist belt , their shyness as well as their bangles ,
Who were washing with hot water from their eyes their soft breasts ,
Which were wounded by the flower darts of god of love ,
Who were telling each other “This Rama is not suited to rule the earth”,
“How is it that he does not seem to have love towards us?” ,
And due to shivering of the mind , they were sorrowing ,
And seeing Rama with red eyes and pretty black body,
Riding on a chariot wherever their eyes look at ,
They asked ,”How many people are there who look like Rama?”
1581.All ladies were making great sound like this and crowded round Rama,
And all the sages and elder citizens of Ayodhya and young people .
After seeing the very pretty body of Rama , not able to find ,
Any limit to the love that they had for him thought ,
In their mind and told about it. WE will now start telling about that.
1582.Some said “this world has now greatly succeeded, Some said,
“You would live up to the final deluge , Some said, “Oh son ,
Please take all our allotted life span”, Some others said,
“Let the fruit of penance we did controlling five senses be yours”,
And some others said, “ Let You who wear the garland ,
Of Thulasi get the fruits of all good deed done in the world.”
1583.Some said “what was the blessed deed was done by lotus flower ,
Which resembles his eyes and what was the blessed deed done by,
The rain shedding cloud to get his colour.”How can we compensate ,
The king who did impossible penances and gave this great one to us?”
1584.“The mercy of Rama is similar to the mercy Narayana with a divine wheel,
Who rushed to save the elephant which called him, when attacked by the crocodile,”
Some said and some others said, “When we approach the lord , whom even Vedas,
Are not able to know properly and see him , tears rush to the eye,
Without any other reason except love for him.”
1585.”on one side there was fullness and great wisdom to the black cloud like Rama,
On the other side who has his great character?” some said , Some others said,
“Would this very great Lord Rama belong to clan of devas?” and without knowing ,
I asked “is he the endless God who is the root cause beyond the calculation of time .”
1586.Some said “Those who dug the ocean , those who brought Ganga to earth,
And those who went and helped the Devas and fought and won over the asuras,
Were his great ancestors who were blessed with permanent greatness, And we would live Depending on the fame brought by his great shoulders ,
Which were decorated by the garland of victory,”
1587.”Oh son, These are sandal paste , these are faultless gem garlands,
Those here are The thilaka as well as ornaments for you to wear ,
Please give charity with your hands these row of elephants with rut,
The row of victorious horses and wealth made of pure gold.” Said some.
1588.When the valorous Rama was coming in a chariot with speed of lightning,
There were none in that crowd whose mind did not melt with extreme love ,
Whose body did not become soft and whose mind did not melt ,
For they saw in him the matchless child of God coming alone with a spring.
1589.They said, “all those good natured kings who stand in the shade of white royal umbrella,
Who had a huge army and who were ruling the earth with great grace,
After the birth of Rama would start thinking , that having a son is bad ,
And would stand like a picture.perplexed and with a melting mind .”
1590.”That Rama who was wearing the sacred thread on his chest was like,
A wandering streak of lightning and would he pass the gates of our home,
With great speed ? To prevent him from doing that along with,
Huge mountain like gold fill the big street with limitless gems.”
Some who were saying like this started pouring gold and gems on the street.
1591.Some of them said “He was not brought up by his mother and ,
By the great penance that she did the daughter of Kekaya king brought him up.
If this is the nature of the happiness of Kaikeyi who is charitable ,
We cannot say anything about the great joy that she must be feeling.”
1592. Some said, “If he rules the great sorrow as well as sins ,
Would be completely uprooted and now this earth not only,
Belongs to Rama but to all of us . This Rama would destroy,
The Asuras who are the enemies of Devas and ,
What a great penance have the kings done to serve under him?”
1593.When the citizens of the town were talking like this ,
The victorious hero Rama travelling in a chariot,
On which matchless gems had been tied and ,
Which is pulled by the horses travelled through,
The row of tall houses with flags and reached ,
The palace of Dasaratha who wore fame as ornament.
1594.When Rama reached there did not see cowries were being swung all around and
The ladies who had decorated their hair with flowers were dancing with new joy and great love ,
And also did not see Dasaratha wearing a great crown , sitting on the throne with joy.
1595.Rama who appears in the mind of wise people who have learnt ,
All Vedas and all great books of the world did not enter with sweetness ,
In that king’s golden hall where the kings together with the sages ,
With great joy were singing the real praise ,
But entered in to the palace of his step mother Kaikeyi.
1596.The kings and sages and all others seeing Rama who entered ,
The palace of Kaikeyi thought that “Rama has only done proper thing.
It is great for him to salute the lotus like feet of his father first,
And wear the crown which was earlier worn by all kings ,
Starting from Sun God with red rays , which appears above everything.”
1597. When things were going on like this , Kaikeyi seeing Rama searching and coming ,
Towards the pure Dasaratha , after getting depressed and then became all right,
Thinking ,”My lord will not tell this with his mouth and so I will tell it myself,”,
And stood like a god of death , before Rama who was thinking that she is his mother.
1598.Rama who was like a calf which has seen its mother cow which returned in the evening,
Saluted by falling on the ground with his forehead touching the earth Kaikeyi who came there,
And then slightly closing his coral red mouth which was scented like saffron with his red palm,
Using his right hand and folding his cloth using his pretty left hand stood in salutation.
1599.Kaikeyi who had a mind of steel and who was as cruel as God of death who destroys,
Said, “Son, There is something that your father wants to tell you, and if you think,
It is proper for me to tell you that , I would tell you that .”
1600.”If my father orders me some thing and if you are agreeable to tell that,
I have become blessed and there would be no one born in this world,
Who are greater than me. I think the fruit of my penance has already come.
Is there any greater fortune than that? You are my father as well as mother,
Please order me and I would obey it with all my mind.”
1601.”With the entire earth surrounded by the sea ruled by Bharata,
Carrying on two sides by matted hair , do the greatest penance possible ,
Reach the cruel forest which is dusty , take bath in all sacred waters ,
And come back here after fourteen long years.”
1602.”After seeing the beauty of the , face of Rama , who has good characters,
Which are beyond description , It is not possible for people like me to describe it.
That face was like lotus before and after hearing the words of Kaikeyi,
And even after understanding the import of those words , It won over lotus flower.
1603.Rama who was at that time scared of disobeying the orders ,
Of his clear minded father had agreed to the great sorrow,
The painful job of ruling the earth and like the black bull ,
Which was tied to the cart and was being driven by its owner,
Was set free by one merciful person , he felt free of those ties.
1604.” Would I disobey your commands feeling it is not the king’s command,
Is not the great fortune of my brother Bharata , my own fortune?
Is there a better luck than that ?. I have taken this command on my head,
And I would immediately go to the forest which shines ,
With sun light like lightning and I am taking leave from you.”
1605.That Rama who had shoulders which were even better than the mountains,
After telling this took leave , and after saluting the direction of the feet of Kaikeyi,
Making Goddess Lakshmi sitting on lotus flower and mother earth cry ,
Left that place and reached the palace of mother Kausalya.